RESULTS FOR : 'Drug development'
Showing 1 to 18 of 18 results |    
Keyword Search
Show#
Show#
Results Category/Section
Breath based biomarker detection - informing drug development & future treatment regimes

The approval of liquid biopsy test for the diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) demonstrates how biomarker-based detection tools are becoming important components of precision medicine-based drug treatment regimes.

Breath based biomarker detection - informing drug development and future treatment regimes

The recent approval of the first liquid biopsy test for the diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) demonstrates how biomarker-based detection tools are becoming important components of precision medicine-based drug treatment regimes.

Seeing within: Magnetic Resonance Imaging in drug development.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) can be used to provide quantitative measurements in the form of imaging biomarkers. These measurements have a number of attractive characteristics: They are non-invasive, can provide organ and lesion localisation of morphology, physiology and metabolism and can be repeated over time.

Resetting the course of drug development: stem cell banking in support of drug discovery. Winter 13

The discovery by Yamanaka and Thomson in 2007 that human somatic cells can be reprogrammed to a pluripotent state (ie, induced pluripotent stem cells, iPSCs) has revolutionised cell biology.

Innovate while derisking drug development: yes we can! Summer 12

The outlook for the drug industry continues to remain bleak in context of productivity and success rates. In spite of ongoing increase in R&D expenses and technology revolutions in the genomics and proteomics area, nearly 95% of drug programmes which enter clinical development fail. This would be expected as serendipity and surprise plays a big role in almost all of the drug successes. What is the probability of the same individual winning the lottery more than once in his/her lifetime?

In vivo imaging in drug development GAMMA SCINTIGRAPHY. Summer 12

Gamma scintigraphy is a non-invasive technique with applications in the development of drug products and the assessment of pharmacodynamic effects in humans. It enables the assessment of critical performance parameters that in vitro techniques attempt, but often fail, to predict. Quantification of pharmacodynamic effects (eg gastrointestinal transit; gall bladder emptying; lung mucociliary clearance) provides insights into the mode of action of drug candidates.

DRUG DELIVERY adding value to drug development and commercialisation

The importance of drug delivery as a tool to improve R&D productivity, to provide a pathway for valuable drugs to be successfully commercialised and as an expanding resource to the pharmaceutical and biotech industry, has come a long way since the early work of the University of Kansas. This article explores the advances made in drug delivery technology.

Modelling and simulation in drug development, promise and reality

Modelling and simulation in drug development is not new. What is new is the vision for moving from a descriptive role (what happened) to a predictive and therefore decision making role. While seemingly attractive, important hurdles, both scientific and practical, must be overcome.

New visions in ophthalmic drug development. Winter 2002

Over the last 10 years we have seen the introduction of several new 'ophthalmology only' pharmaceutical products emerge such as Trusopt (dorzolamide, Merck) and Xalatan (latanoprost, Pharmacia). Innovative products such as these have driven much of the ophthalmic pharmaceutical growth, outpacing the older products that were often developed for ophthalmology via other therapeutic areas.With the ophthalmic pharmaceutical sector currently at around $5 billion worldwide, the continued growth is likely to be driven by even more first-in-class entries in ophthalmology.Two areas that are especially poised for explosive growth are dry eye and retinal disease, in which many new therapeutic approaches are currently in development.

SNP genotyping in drug development

SNP-based candidate gene analyses are likely to have a significant impact on predicting drug efficacy and will, undoubtedly, impact on the pharmaceutical industry’s development strategies as a whole over the next few years.

Drug development for skin diseases based on functional genomics

With the high number of sufferers from skin disease around the world, it is astonishing that there are relatively few treatments available and that many of these only serve to relieve symptoms. Can drug development based on a functional genomics approach be the answer in bringing new products to this ‘Cinderella’ market?

Business strategy for implementation of biomarkers in drug development

With pharmacoproteomic biomarkers being the subject of focus among regulatory agencies as well as research institutions, many pharmaceutical companies are increasing their interest and investment in biomarker strategies. This article discusses the potential for new efficiencies and cost savings that can be achieved from the utilisation of biomarkers at different stages along the drug development pathway.

Radiosynthesis; a vital role supporting drug development?

The key in vivo drug metabolism and pharmacokinetic studies continue to be undertaken using radiolabelled versions of drug molecules. Traditionally, the preparation of these isotopically labelled compounds was largely the domain of specialist internal radiochemistry groups within large pharmaceutical companies (Big Pharma).

GENE EXPRESSION as a toxicological screening tool: The use of microarray data in drug development and requirements for FDA audit and approval. Winter 04

Toxicological safety testing of compounds has not yet advanced to the point where measurement of gene expression is being incorporated in the internal decision process of most companies, much less the FDA approval process. The FDA has asked for voluntary submissions, is preparing guidelines for gene expression data and has identified surrogate biomarker assays as the avenue to escape the dilemma highlighted in the FDA white paper �Innovation or Stagnation: Challenge and Opportunity on the Critical Path to New Medical Products

Cryo electron microscopy and electron tomography will play a crucial role in the future of drug development. Spring 05

The completion of the human genome project has focused tremendous interest in determining the structure and function of the tens of thousands of proteins that the genome encodes. Current structural determination techniques are difficult, time-consuming and not generally applicable to all proteins.

Biomarkers make their mark on current research and drug development trends.

Biomarkers continue to become increasingly relevant in research and healthcare applications, as evidenced by the global market for products involved in their identification, validation, and use estimated at $8.3 billion in 2007 and projected to increase to $15 billion in 2010. The accelerating pace of activity in this area is further underlined by a cursory review of the publication space, where the number of relevant scientific articles generated annually has doubled from 20,000 to 40,000 over the past decade (Figure 1).

Enterprise ELNs as a foundation for preclinical drug development.

To have real business impact within preclinical drug development, Enterprise ELNs (Electronic Laboratory Notebooks) must provide a secure, scalable and searchable data management backbone across all disciplines focused on development of both small and large molecules, in compliant and non-compliant environments.

The role of Thorough QT testing in managing drug development.

With few exceptions, all compounds being submitted to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for approval in the United States will require an assessment of QT prolongation, either by a standard Thorough QT/QTc study, or a similar study modified to fit the safety profile of the compound and indicated patient population.

template data:
$VAR1 = {
          'modules' => {
                         'items' => {
                                      '1000023' => {
                                                     'item_site_id' => '32',
                                                     'item_section_id' => '361',
                                                     'item_status' => '1',
                                                     'item_layout' => '7',
                                                     'item_order' => 4,
                                                     'item_module' => '2',
                                                     'id' => '1569',
                                                     'item_header' => 'Product & Industry News',
                                                     'item_column' => '1',
                                                     'sections' => {
                                                                     '1' => {
                                                                              'section_type' => '1',
                                                                              'articles' => {
                                                                                              '10001' => {
                                                                                                           'article_title' => 'Elpis BioMed closes funding round to commercialise novel technology platform for generating human cell types',
                                                                                                           'article_section_id' => '361',
                                                                                                           'article_thumb' => 'elpis-biomed-human-type-cells.jpg',
                                                                                                           'path' => '/product-news/p321013-elpis-biomed-closes-funding-round-to-commercialise-novel-technology-platform-for-generating-human-cell-types.html',
                                                                                                           'article_excerpt' => 'Elpis BioMed Ltd has announced today that it has raised funds to bring its human cell products and services to market.',
                                                                                                           'display' => 'full',
                                                                                                           'id' => '321013',
                                                                                                           'article_user' => '18823'
                                                                                                         },
                                                                                              '10003' => {
                                                                                                           'article_title' => 'Horizon Discovery\'s Dharmacon introduces Edit-R CRISPRa reagent platform for genome-wide CRISPR activation',
                                                                                                           'article_section_id' => '361',
                                                                                                           'article_thumb' => 'il1r2-if-image.jpg',
                                                                                                           'path' => '/product-news/p321002-horizon-discovery-s-dharmacon-introduces-edit-r-crispra-reagent-platform-for-genome-wide-crispr-activation.html',
                                                                                                           'article_excerpt' => "Horizon Discovery, a global leader in gene editing and gene modulation technologies, today announced the launch of its reagent platform for CRISPR activation (CRISPRa) from its recently acquired Dharmacon business. This is the latest addition to the Company\x{e2}\x{80}\x{99}s market-leading Edit-R portfolio for CRISPR-Cas9 genome engineering.",
                                                                                                           'display' => 'full',
                                                                                                           'id' => '321002',
                                                                                                           'article_user' => '18823'
                                                                                                         },
                                                                                              '10000' => {
                                                                                                           'article_title' => "Symcel secures \x{e2}\x{82}\x{ac}3.6 million Horizon 2020 Phase II grant",
                                                                                                           'article_section_id' => '361',
                                                                                                           'article_thumb' => 'symcel-logo.jpg',
                                                                                                           'path' => "/product-news/p321102-symcel-secures-\x{e2}\x{82}\x{ac}3-6-million-horizon-2020-phase-ii-grant.html",
                                                                                                           'article_excerpt' => "Symcel, the company behind calScreener, has secured \x{e2}\x{82}\x{ac}3.572 million Horizon 2020 funding to support the company\x{e2}\x{80}\x{99}s evaluation of improved combination testing of antibiotics against extensively drug-resistant bacteria in sepsis patients.",
                                                                                                           'display' => 'full',
                                                                                                           'id' => '321102',
                                                                                                           'article_user' => '18823'
                                                                                                         },
                                                                                              '10004' => {
                                                                                                           'article_title' => 'New treatments to solve global antibiotic crisis could reach the market as early as 2020',
                                                                                                           'article_section_id' => '361',
                                                                                                           'article_thumb' => 'helperby-therapeutics.jpg',
                                                                                                           'path' => '/product-news/p320999-new-treatments-to-solve-global-antibiotic-crisis-could-reach-the-market-as-early-as-2020.html',
                                                                                                           'article_excerpt' => 'Helperby Therapeutics has developed the first sustainable solution to combat all three deadly critical priority pathogens named by World Health Organisation.',
                                                                                                           'display' => 'full',
                                                                                                           'id' => '320999',
                                                                                                           'article_user' => '18823'
                                                                                                         },
                                                                                              '10005' => {
                                                                                                           'article_title' => 'Glyn Edwards MBE Joins OxSonics\' Board as Non-Executive Director',
                                                                                                           'article_section_id' => '361',
                                                                                                           'article_thumb' => '1glyn-edwards-oxsonics.jpg',
                                                                                                           'path' => '/product-news/p320947-glyn-edwards-mbe-joins-oxsonicsboard-as-non-executive-director.html',
                                                                                                           'article_excerpt' => 'OxSonics Limited, a world leader in the development of ultrasound-based drug delivery systems for the treatment of cancer patients, today announced that Glyn Edwards is to join the board as Non-Executive Director.',
                                                                                                           'display' => 'full',
                                                                                                           'id' => '320947',
                                                                                                           'article_user' => '18823'
                                                                                                         },
                                                                                              '10002' => {
                                                                                                           'article_title' => 'Quotient Sciences Acquires Pharmaterials, a UK-based Contract Development and Manufacturing Organization',
                                                                                                           'article_section_id' => '361',
                                                                                                           'article_thumb' => 'quotient-sciences.jpg',
                                                                                                           'path' => '/product-news/p321004-quotient-sciences-acquires-pharmaterialsa-uk-based-contract-development-and-manufacturing-organization.html',
                                                                                                           'article_excerpt' => 'Quotient Sciences, the drug development services organization, announces it has acquired Pharmaterials, a contract development and manufacturing organization (CDMO) based in Reading, U.K.',
                                                                                                           'display' => 'full',
                                                                                                           'id' => '321004',
                                                                                                           'article_user' => '18823'
                                                                                                         }
                                                                                            },
                                                                              'spath' => '/product-news/',
                                                                              'section_title' => 'Product & Industry News'
                                                                            }
                                                                   },
                                                     'item_section_full' => '6'
                                                   },
                                      '1000007' => {
                                                     'item_site_id' => '32',
                                                     'item_section_id' => '345',
                                                     'item_section3_id' => '355',
                                                     'item_status' => '1',
                                                     'item_layout' => '7',
                                                     'item_order' => 8,
                                                     'item_module' => '34',
                                                     'item_section2_id' => '346',
                                                     'id' => '1566',
                                                     'item_header' => 'DDW Article Database',
                                                     'item_column' => '1',
                                                     'item_section_full' => '1'
                                                   },
                                      '1000014' => {
                                                     'item_site_id' => '32',
                                                     'item_status' => '1',
                                                     'item_adslot' => '15',
                                                     'item_layout' => '7',
                                                     'item_order' => 7,
                                                     'item_module' => '6',
                                                     'item_column' => '1',
                                                     'id' => '1570'
                                                   },
                                      '1000028' => {
                                                     'item_site_id' => '32',
                                                     'item_section_id' => '398',
                                                     'item_status' => '1',
                                                     'item_layout' => '7',
                                                     'item_order' => 2,
                                                     'item_module' => '2',
                                                     'id' => '1571',
                                                     'item_header' => 'Events',
                                                     'item_column' => '1',
                                                     'sections' => {
                                                                     '1' => {
                                                                              'section_type' => '1',
                                                                              'articles' => {
                                                                                              '10001' => {
                                                                                                           'article_title' => 'Flow Chemistry Europe 2018',
                                                                                                           'article_section_id' => '398',
                                                                                                           'article_thumb' => '(2)-flow-chemistry-europe-2018---6-7-feb.jpg',
                                                                                                           'path' => '/events/p320810-flow-chemistry-europe-2018.html',
                                                                                                           'article_excerpt' => '<span style="color: #000000;font-size: 12px;"><strong>Dates:</strong> 6-7 February 2018 <br /><strong>Venue:</strong> Cambridge, UK </span>',
                                                                                                           'display' => 'full',
                                                                                                           'id' => '320810',
                                                                                                           'article_user' => '18823'
                                                                                                         },
                                                                                              '10003' => {
                                                                                                           'article_title' => 'BioEngineering 2018',
                                                                                                           'article_section_id' => '398',
                                                                                                           'article_thumb' => '(4)-bioengineering-2018-26-27-mar.jpg',
                                                                                                           'path' => '/events/p320812-bioengineering-2018.html',
                                                                                                           'article_excerpt' => '<span style="color: #000000;font-size: 12px;"><strong>Dates:</strong> 26-27 March 2018 <br /><strong>Venue:</strong> Boston, USA </span>',
                                                                                                           'display' => 'full',
                                                                                                           'id' => '320812',
                                                                                                           'article_user' => '18823'
                                                                                                         },
                                                                                              '10000' => {
                                                                                                           'article_title' => 'SLAS 2018',
                                                                                                           'article_section_id' => '398',
                                                                                                           'article_thumb' => '(1)-slas-2018---3-7-feb.jpg',
                                                                                                           'path' => '/events/p320809-slas-2018.html',
                                                                                                           'article_excerpt' => '<span style="color: #000000;font-size: 12px;"><strong>Dates:</strong> 3-7 February 2018 <br /><strong>Venue:</strong> San Diego, USA </span>',
                                                                                                           'display' => 'full',
                                                                                                           'id' => '320809',
                                                                                                           'article_user' => '18823'
                                                                                                         },
                                                                                              '10004' => {
                                                                                                           'article_title' => 'Circulating Biomarkers World Congress 2018',
                                                                                                           'article_section_id' => '398',
                                                                                                           'article_thumb' => '(5)-circulating-biomarkers-world-congress-2018-28-29-mar.jpg',
                                                                                                           'path' => '/events/p320813-circulating-biomarkers-world-congress-2018.html',
                                                                                                           'article_excerpt' => '<span style="color: #000000;font-size: 12px;"><strong>Dates:</strong> 28-29 Mar 2018 <br /><strong>Venue:</strong> Boston, USA </span>',
                                                                                                           'display' => 'full',
                                                                                                           'id' => '320813',
                                                                                                           'article_user' => '18823'
                                                                                                         },
                                                                                              '10005' => {
                                                                                                           'article_title' => 'AACR 2018 Annual Meeting',
                                                                                                           'article_section_id' => '398',
                                                                                                           'article_thumb' => '(6)-aacr-2018-14-18-april.jpg',
                                                                                                           'path' => '/events/p320814-aacr-2018-annual-meeting.html',
                                                                                                           'article_excerpt' => '<span style="color: #000000;font-size: 12px;"><strong>Dates:</strong> 14-18 April 2018 <br /><strong>Venue:</strong> Chicago, USA </span>',
                                                                                                           'display' => 'full',
                                                                                                           'id' => '320814',
                                                                                                           'article_user' => '18823'
                                                                                                         },
                                                                                              '10002' => {
                                                                                                           'article_title' => 'ELRIG Robotics & Automation 2018',
                                                                                                           'article_section_id' => '398',
                                                                                                           'article_thumb' => '1(3)-robotics--automation-2018---28-feb.jpg',
                                                                                                           'path' => '/events/p320811-elrig-robotics-&-automation-2018.html',
                                                                                                           'article_excerpt' => '<span style="color: #000000;font-size: 12px;"><strong>Dates:</strong> 28 February 2018 <br /><strong>Venue:</strong> Stuttgart, Germany </span>',
                                                                                                           'display' => 'full',
                                                                                                           'id' => '320811',
                                                                                                           'article_user' => '18823'
                                                                                                         }
                                                                                            },
                                                                              'spath' => '/events/',
                                                                              'section_title' => 'Events'
                                                                            }
                                                                   },
                                                     'item_section_full' => '6'
                                                   },
                                      '1000019' => {
                                                     'item_site_id' => '32',
                                                     'item_section_id' => '5871',
                                                     'item_status' => '1',
                                                     'item_layout' => '7',
                                                     'item_order' => 5,
                                                     'item_module' => '2',
                                                     'id' => '1568',
                                                     'item_header' => 'LATEST ISSUE: SUMMER 2017',
                                                     'item_column' => '1',
                                                     'sections' => {
                                                                     '1' => {
                                                                              'section_type' => '1',
                                                                              'articles' => {
                                                                                              '10001' => {
                                                                                                           'article_title' => 'Nanomedicines - exploring the past, present and future',
                                                                                                           'article_section_id' => '5871',
                                                                                                           'article_subhead1' => 'By Professor Yvonne Perrie & Dr Euan Ramsay',
                                                                                                           'path' => '/fall-2017-teasers/p320751-nanomedicines-exploring-the-pastpresent-and-future.html',
                                                                                                           'article_thumb' => '2---polymetric-nanoparticles.jpg',
                                                                                                           'article_excerpt' => 'Nanoparticles, and liposomes in particular, are growing in popularity as drug delivery vehicles for anti-cancer agents and inflammatory disease therapies, as well as forming the basis of a new class of vaccines.',
                                                                                                           'display' => 'full',
                                                                                                           'id' => '320751',
                                                                                                           'article_user' => '18823'
                                                                                                         },
                                                                                              '10003' => {
                                                                                                           'article_title' => 'Epigenetics - unlocking the potential for personalised medicine',
                                                                                                           'article_section_id' => '5871',
                                                                                                           'article_subhead1' => 'By Dr Jason Mellad',
                                                                                                           'article_thumb' => '4---epigentics-article-pic.jpg',
                                                                                                           'path' => '/fall-2017-teasers/p320753-epigenetics-unlocking-the-potential-for-personalised-medicine.html',
                                                                                                           'article_excerpt' => 'The sequencing of the human genome in 2003 signalled the dawn of an exciting new era for genetic medicine. Yet almost 15 years later it has become clear that our genes alone cannot predict our susceptibility to most complex diseases or fully explain fundamental aspects of human development and ageing.',
                                                                                                           'display' => 'full',
                                                                                                           'id' => '320753',
                                                                                                           'article_user' => '18823'
                                                                                                         },
                                                                                              '10000' => {
                                                                                                           'article_title' => 'Drug discovery in the age of big data',
                                                                                                           'article_section_id' => '5871',
                                                                                                           'article_subhead1' => 'By Dr Prem Premsrirut',
                                                                                                           'article_thumb' => '1---big-data-drug-discovery.jpg',
                                                                                                           'path' => '/fall-2017-teasers/p320750-drug-discovery-in-the-age-of-big-data.html',
                                                                                                           'article_excerpt' => 'How RNA interference and CRISPR/Cas9 technologies are helping to build better mouse models and push drug discovery into a new era.',
                                                                                                           'display' => 'full',
                                                                                                           'id' => '320750',
                                                                                                           'article_user' => '18823'
                                                                                                         },
                                                                                              '10004' => {
                                                                                                           'article_title' => 'How one mouse strain is revolutionising drug discovery',
                                                                                                           'article_section_id' => '5871',
                                                                                                           'article_subhead1' => 'By Dr Philip Dube',
                                                                                                           'article_thumb' => '5---mouse-image.jpg',
                                                                                                           'path' => '/fall-2017-teasers/p320754-how-one-mouse-strain-is-revolutionising-drug-discovery.html',
                                                                                                           'article_excerpt' => 'Inbred mice are critical tools in biomedical research and one particular strain, known as C57BL/6 (Black 6 or B6, for short), is rapidly becoming the standard model for many applications and revolutionising modern research.',
                                                                                                           'display' => 'full',
                                                                                                           'id' => '320754',
                                                                                                           'article_user' => '18823'
                                                                                                         },
                                                                                              '10005' => {
                                                                                                           'article_title' => 'Oral Peptide Therapeutics - a holy grail or quixotic quest?',
                                                                                                           'article_section_id' => '5871',
                                                                                                           'article_subhead1' => 'By Dr Paul Shields',
                                                                                                           'article_thumb' => '8---oral-peptide-therapeutics.jpg',
                                                                                                           'path' => '/fall-2017-teasers/p320757-oral-peptide-therapeutics-a-holy-grail-or-quixotic-quest.html',
                                                                                                           'article_excerpt' => 'Technologies have been honed to overcome many of the challenges of administering peptide therapeutics orally, but obstacles remain before drug developers can fully realise the vast potential.',
                                                                                                           'display' => 'full',
                                                                                                           'id' => '320757',
                                                                                                           'article_user' => '18823'
                                                                                                         },
                                                                                              '10002' => {
                                                                                                           'article_title' => 'Phenotypic Screening - advancing the science from discovery to regulatory science',
                                                                                                           'article_section_id' => '5871',
                                                                                                           'article_subhead1' => 'By Dr Ellen L. Berg',
                                                                                                           'article_thumb' => '3---phenotypic-screening-cell-culture-flasks.jpg',
                                                                                                           'path' => '/fall-2017-teasers/p320752-phenotypic-screening-advancing-the-science-from-discovery-to-regulatory-science.html',
                                                                                                           'article_excerpt' => 'Phenotypic screening is transforming drug discovery as advances are made in development of human-based physiologically-relevant in vitro systems. ',
                                                                                                           'display' => 'full',
                                                                                                           'id' => '320752',
                                                                                                           'article_user' => '18823'
                                                                                                         }
                                                                                            },
                                                                              'spath' => '/fall-2017-teasers/',
                                                                              'section_title' => 'FALL 2017 teasers'
                                                                            }
                                                                   },
                                                     'item_section_full' => '6'
                                                   },
                                      '1000026' => {
                                                     'item_site_id' => '32',
                                                     'item_status' => '1',
                                                     'item_adslot' => '10',
                                                     'item_layout' => '7',
                                                     'item_order' => 3,
                                                     'item_module' => '6',
                                                     'item_column' => '1',
                                                     'id' => '1573'
                                                   }
                                    }
                       },
          'site' => {
                      'cart_delivery_fields' => '2',
                      'sitetmp' => '6',
                      'testdomain' => 'site32.geniuscms.net',
                      'altdomain' => undef,
                      'facebook' => undef,
                      'id' => '32',
                      'livedomain' => 'ddw-online.com',
                      'cookiename' => 'gssid32',
                      'this' => 'ddw-online.com',
                      'gg_pid' => '52652963',
                      'redirwww_status' => '1',
                      'defaultemail' => 'charles@trafika.co.uk',
                      'template' => {
                                      'template_layout_home' => undef,
                                      'template_flags' => undef,
                                      'template_type' => 'site',
                                      'template_status' => '1',
                                      'template_layout_article' => undef,
                                      'template_folder' => 'responsive_n1',
                                      'id' => '6',
                                      'template_layout_other' => undef,
                                      'template_title' => 'Responsive Magazine',
                                      'template_layout_section' => undef
                                    },
                      'merchant_username' => 'csmith',
                      'seo_desc' => 'DDW is the quarterly business review of drug discovery & development, voicing opinions of some of the industry\'s leading experts.',
                      'login' => '1',
                      'redirlive_status' => '1',
                      'rss_status' => '2',
                      'merchant_status' => '2',
                      'sitename' => 'Drug Discovery World',
                      'merchant_type' => undef,
                      'merchant_reference' => undef,
                      'twitter' => 'https://twitter.com/DDWJournal @DDWJournal',
                      'menus' => {
                                   'menu2' => {
                                                '9999583' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 15,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'pdf--archive-2016',
                                                               'menu_id' => '5464',
                                                               'menu_title' => '2016'
                                                             },
                                                '9999748' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 4,
                                                               'menu_order' => 7,
                                                               'menu_title' => '2006'
                                                             },
                                                '9999982' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/pdf-archive-2012/p149560-spring-2012.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Spring 2012 pdf archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999768' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 6,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'gpcr-drug-discovery',
                                                               'menu_id' => '450',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'GPCR Drug Discovery'
                                                             },
                                                '9999659' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 10,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'biomarkers',
                                                               'menu_id' => '606',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Biomarkers'
                                                             },
                                                '9999957' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2001',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142691',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Fall 01',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'fall_2001_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999937' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'webinars',
                                                               'menu_id' => '5543',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Webinars'
                                                             },
                                                '9999965' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2007',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142643',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Summer 07',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'summer_2007_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999987' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2000',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142694',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Winter 00',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'winter_2000_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999941' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://www.ddw-online.com/2014/p229740-summer-2014.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Summer 2014 pdf archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999904' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2003',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142683',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Summer 03',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'summer_2003_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999969' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2009',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142636',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Summer 2009 pdf archive',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'summer_2009_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999895' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'kinase-drug-discovery',
                                                               'menu_id' => '452',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Kinase Drug Discovery'
                                                             },
                                                '9999955' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2003',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142684',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Fall 03',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'fall_2003_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999973' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2010',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142631',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Spring 10 pdf archive',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'spring_2010_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999825' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 4,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'informatics',
                                                               'menu_id' => '357',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Informatics'
                                                             },
                                                '9999486' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 4,
                                                               'menu_order' => 49,
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Article Database'
                                                             },
                                                '9999997' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2010',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142756',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Insight Supplement',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'insight_supplement.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999762' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 6,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'chemistry',
                                                               'menu_id' => '355',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Chemistry'
                                                             },
                                                '9999535' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 48,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'ddw-video-store',
                                                               'menu_id' => '470',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Video Store'
                                                             },
                                                '9999755' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 7,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'business',
                                                               'menu_id' => '346',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Business'
                                                             },
                                                '9999983' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'therapeutics',
                                                               'menu_id' => '360',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Therapeutics'
                                                             },
                                                '9999833' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 4,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'ion-channels',
                                                               'menu_id' => '610',
                                                               'menu_url' => 'Ion Channels',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Ion Channels'
                                                             },
                                                '9999916' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2006',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142672',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Fall 06',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'fall_2006_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999993' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2008',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142638',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Spring 08',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'spring_2008_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999961' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2006',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142671',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Summer 06',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'summer_2006_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999986' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2004',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142678',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Winter 04',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'winter_2004_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999913' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2005',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142676',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Summer 05',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'summer_2005_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999992' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2007',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142642',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Spring 07',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'spring_2007_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999805' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 4,
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://www.ddw-online.com/pdf--archive-2016/p316257-winter-16-/-17.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Winter 2016 - 17 PDF Archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999861' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 4,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2008',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142641',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Winter 2008/09',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'winter_2008_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999821' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 4,
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://www.ddw-online.com/pdf-archive-2012/p211470-winter-2012.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Winter 2012/13 pdf archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999648' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 4,
                                                               'menu_order' => 11,
                                                               'menu_title' => '2012'
                                                             },
                                                '9999708' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 4,
                                                               'menu_order' => 9,
                                                               'menu_title' => '2008'
                                                             },
                                                '9999733' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 8,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'drug-discovery',
                                                               'menu_id' => '345',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Drug Discovery'
                                                             },
                                                '9999951' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2004',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142679',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Fall 04',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'fall_2004_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999898' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2004',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142680',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Summer 04',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'summer_2004_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999919' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2007',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142644',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Fall 07',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'fall_2007_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999928' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2010',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142632',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Summer 10 pdf archive',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'summer_2010_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999717' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 8,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'chromotography',
                                                               'menu_id' => '4430',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Chromotography'
                                                             },
                                                '9999809' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 4,
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://www.ddw-online.com/2014/p303420-winter-2014.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Winter 2014/15 pdf archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999892' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'personalised-medicine',
                                                               'menu_id' => '358',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Personalised Medicine'
                                                             },
                                                '9999963' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2005',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142677',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Spring 05',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'spring_2005_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999679' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 4,
                                                               'menu_order' => 10,
                                                               'menu_title' => '2010'
                                                             },
                                                '9999998' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/pdf--archive-2016/p315034-spring-2016.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Spring 2016 PDF archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999332' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 4,
                                                               'menu_order' => 53,
                                                               'menu_title' => 'PDF Archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999939' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/pdf--archive-2016/p315855-summer-16.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Summer 2016 PDF archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999813' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 4,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/2013-pdf-archive/p217610-winter-2013.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Winter 2013/14 pdf archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999841' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 4,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2001',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142693',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Spring 01',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'spring_2001_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999741' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 7,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'digital-imaging',
                                                               'menu_id' => '449',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Digital Imaging'
                                                             },
                                                '9999991' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2006',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142648',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Spring 06',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'spring_2006_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999975' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://www.ddw-online.com/pdf-archive-2015/p304824-fall-2015.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Fall 2015 PDF archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999829' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 4,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2004',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142681',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Spring 04',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'spring_2004_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999865' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 4,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2009',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142634',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Winter 2009/10 pdf archive',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'winter_2009_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999725' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 4,
                                                               'menu_order' => 8,
                                                               'menu_title' => '2007'
                                                             },
                                                '9999984' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2005',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142755',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Insight Supplement',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'insight_supplement_05.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999925' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2009',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142635',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Fall 2009 pdf archive',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'fall_2009_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999995' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2011',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142630',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Spring 2011 pdf archive',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'spring_2011.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999977' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'mass-spectrometry',
                                                               'menu_id' => '582',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Mass Spectrometry\''
                                                             },
                                                '9999985' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'multiplexing',
                                                               'menu_id' => '453',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Multiplexing'
                                                             },
                                                '9999989' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2001',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142690',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Winter 01',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'winter_2001_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999979' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/pdf-archive-2015/p304823-summer-2015.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Summer 2015 pdf archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999849' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 4,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2006',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142673',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Winter 2006/07',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'winter_2006_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999945' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/pdf-archive-2012/p190999-summer-2012.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Summer 2012 pdf archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999922' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2008',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142640',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Fall 08',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'fall_2008_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999637' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 11,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'assay-services',
                                                               'menu_id' => '447',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Assay Services'
                                                             },
                                                '9999959' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2002',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142687',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Fall 02',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'fall_2002_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999699' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 9,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'cellular-imaging',
                                                               'menu_id' => '448',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Cellular Imaging'
                                                             },
                                                '9999880' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/pdf-archive-2015/p305958-winter-2015.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Winter 2015 PDF archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999910' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2002',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142688',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Summer 02',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'summer_2002_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999790' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 5,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2005',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142674',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Winter 2005/06',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'winter_2005_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999943' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/2013-pdf-archive/p216866-summer-2013.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Summer 2013 pdf archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999837' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 4,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/2003/p142682-spring-2003-edition:.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Spring 03'
                                                             },
                                                '9999947' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://www.ddw-online.com/2011/p148656-summer-2011-edition.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Summer 2011 pdf archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999223' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 55,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'product-news',
                                                               'menu_id' => '361',
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://site32.esmartgroup.net/product-news/',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Industry News'
                                                             },
                                                '9999795' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 5,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2010',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142633',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Winter 2010/11 pdf archive',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'winter_2010_11_edition.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999953' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2000',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142695',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Fall 00',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'fall_2000_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999385' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 4,
                                                               'menu_order' => 51,
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Application Notes'
                                                             },
                                                '9999436' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 50,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'whitepapers',
                                                               'menu_id' => '397',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'White papers'
                                                             },
                                                '9999785' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 5,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'high-content-screening',
                                                               'menu_id' => '451',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'High Content Screening'
                                                             },
                                                '9999877' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://www.ddw-online.com/pdf--archive-2016/p316258-fall-16.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Fall 2016 PDF Archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999901' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2000',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142696',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Summer 00',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'summer_2000_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999598' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 14,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'pdf-archive-2015',
                                                               'menu_id' => '5256',
                                                               'menu_title' => '2015'
                                                             },
                                                '9999907' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2001',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142692',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Summer 01',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'summer_2001_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999278' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 54,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'events',
                                                               'menu_id' => '398',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Events'
                                                             },
                                                '9999886' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://www.ddw-online.com/pdf-archive-2012/p206496-fall-2012.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Fall 2012 pdf archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999800' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 4,
                                                               'menu_order' => 5,
                                                               'menu_title' => '2004'
                                                             },
                                                '9999980' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/2014/p217935-spring-2014.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Spring 2014 pdf archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999971' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 4,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_title' => '2001'
                                                             },
                                                '9999774' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 4,
                                                               'menu_order' => 6,
                                                               'menu_title' => '2005'
                                                             },
                                                '9999869' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 4,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2010',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142646',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Fall 2010 pdf archive',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'fall_2010_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999931' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 4,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_title' => '2002'
                                                             },
                                                '9999996' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 4,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_title' => '2000'
                                                             },
                                                '9999949' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'screening',
                                                               'menu_id' => '359',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Screening'
                                                             },
                                                '9999934' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://www.ddw-online.com/2013-pdf-archive/p217221-fall-2013.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Fall 2013 pdf archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999873' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 4,
                                                               'menu_order' => 4,
                                                               'menu_title' => '2003'
                                                             },
                                                '9999990' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2002',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142686',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Winter 02',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'winter_2002_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999780' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 5,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'enabling-technologies',
                                                               'menu_id' => '356',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Enabling Technologies'
                                                             },
                                                '9999999' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => '1',
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'pathway-analysis',
                                                               'menu_id' => '697',
                                                               'menu_url' => '/pdf-archive-2015/p303662-spring-2015.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Spring 2015 PDF archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999981' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/2013-pdf-archive/p213559-spring-2013.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Spring 2013 pdf Archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999845' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 4,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2005',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142675',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Fall 05',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'fall_2005_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999857' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 4,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2007',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142645',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Winter 2007/08',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'winter_2007_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999689' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 4,
                                                               'menu_order' => 10,
                                                               'menu_url' => '2009',
                                                               'menu_title' => '2009'
                                                             },
                                                '9999988' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2003',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142685',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Winter 03',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'winter_2003_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999669' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 4,
                                                               'menu_order' => 10,
                                                               'menu_title' => '2011'
                                                             },
                                                '9999883' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/2014/p274237-fall-2014.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Fall 2104 pdf archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999967' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2008',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142639',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Summer 08',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'summer_2008_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999889' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://www.ddw-online.com/2011/p148959-fall-2011-edition.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Fall 2011 pdf archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999625' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 4,
                                                               'menu_order' => 12,
                                                               'menu_title' => '2013'
                                                             },
                                                '9999853' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 4,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2002',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142689',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Spring 02',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'spring_2002_edition:.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999612' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 4,
                                                               'menu_order' => 13,
                                                               'menu_title' => '2014'
                                                             },
                                                '9999817' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 4,
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://www.ddw-online.com/2011/p149233-winter-2011-pdf-archive.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Winter 2011/12 pdf archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999994' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2009',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142637',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Spring 2009 pdf archive',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'spring_2009_edition.html'
                                                             }
                                              },
                                   'menu4' => {
                                                '9999926' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 30,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'contact-us',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142734',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'TERMS & CONDITIONS',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'terms_and_conditions.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999956' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 22,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'drug-discovery',
                                                               'menu_id' => '345',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'DRUG DISCOVERY'
                                                             },
                                                '9999978' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 21,
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://www.trafika.co.uk/',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'SITE BY TRAFIKA LTD'
                                                             },
                                                '9999895' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 31,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'contact-us',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142733',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'PRIVACY POLICY',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'privacy_policy.html'
                                                             },
                                                '9999820' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 43,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/reprints/p102806-reprints.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'REPRINTS'
                                                             },
                                                '9999863' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 3,
                                                               'menu_order' => 32,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'contact-us',
                                                               'menu_id' => '142732',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'CONTACT US',
                                                               'menu_ptitle' => 'who_s_who.html'
                                                             }
                                              },
                                   'menu1' => {
                                                '9999982' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2013-pdf-archive',
                                                               'menu_id' => '1133',
                                                               'menu_title' => '2013'
                                                             },
                                                '9999569' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 47,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'HOME'
                                                             },
                                                '9999996' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'in-this-issue',
                                                               'menu_id' => '5872',
                                                               'menu_url' => 'www.ddw-online.com/in-this-issue',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'In This Issue'
                                                             },
                                                '9999968' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 5,
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://www.ddw-online.com/pdf--archive-2016/p316257-winter-16-/-17.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Winter 2016 - 17 PDF archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999924' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 8,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/media-info/p102803-2011-editorial-focus.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => '2018 Editorial Focus'
                                                             },
                                                '9999978' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 4,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2014',
                                                               'menu_id' => '1911',
                                                               'menu_title' => '2014'
                                                             },
                                                '9999990' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://www.ddw-online.com/2017-pdf-archive/p320384-spring-2017.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Spring 2017 pdf archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999662' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 4,
                                                               'menu_order' => 45,
                                                               'menu_title' => 'MEDIA INFO'
                                                             },
                                                '9999912' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 12,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'personalised-medicine',
                                                               'menu_id' => '358',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'SUBMIT ARTICLE'
                                                             },
                                                '9999958' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 5,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'pdf-archive-2015',
                                                               'menu_id' => '5256',
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://www.ddw-online.com/pdf-archive-2015/',
                                                               'menu_title' => '2015'
                                                             },
                                                '9999963' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 5,
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://www.ddw-online.com/2017-pdf-archive/p320384-spring-2017.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Spring 2017'
                                                             },
                                                '9999998' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2011',
                                                               'menu_id' => '412',
                                                               'menu_title' => '2011'
                                                             },
                                                '9999939' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 7,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/media-info/p146717-rates-and-specs.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Rates & Specs'
                                                             },
                                                '9999973' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 5,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/media-info/p102804-what-our-readers-think.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'What our readers say'
                                                             },
                                                '9999616' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 46,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/about-drug-discovery-world/p102801-about-ddw.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'ABOUT DDW'
                                                             },
                                                '9999997' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 1,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/2017-pdf-archive/p320384-spring-2017.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'PDF archive Spring 2017'
                                                             },
                                                '9999932' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 7,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2017-pdf-archive',
                                                               'menu_id' => '5542',
                                                               'menu_title' => '2017'
                                                             },
                                                '9999988' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'pdf-archive-2012',
                                                               'menu_id' => '717',
                                                               'menu_title' => '2012'
                                                             },
                                                '9999835' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 40,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'subscribe-to-ddw',
                                                               'menu_id' => '652',
                                                               'menu_url' => '/ddw-subs-test/',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'SUBSCRIBE'
                                                             },
                                                '9999794' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 41,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/submit-an-article/p102809-submit-articles-to-ddw.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'SUBMIT AN ARTICLE'
                                                             },
                                                '9999946' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 6,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => 'pdf--archive-2016',
                                                               'menu_id' => '5464',
                                                               'menu_title' => '2016'
                                                             },
                                                '9999751' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 4,
                                                               'menu_order' => 43,
                                                               'menu_title' => 'PDF ARCHIVE'
                                                             },
                                                '9999952' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 6,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/media-info/p102805-distribution.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Distribution'
                                                             },
                                                '9999707' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 44,
                                                               'menu_url' => '/advisory-board/p102802-advisory-board.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'ADVISORY BOARD'
                                                             },
                                                '9999992' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://www.ddw-online.com/reprints/p102806-reprints.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Reprints'
                                                             },
                                                '9999896' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 16,
                                                               'menu_dirname' => '2017-pdf-archive',
                                                               'menu_id' => '5542',
                                                               'menu_title' => '2017'
                                                             },
                                                '9999985' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 3,
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://www.ddw-online.com/2017-pdf-archive/p320384-spring-2017.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Spring 2017 pdf archive'
                                                             },
                                                '9999875' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 2,
                                                               'menu_order' => 21,
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://www.ddw-online.com/subscribe-to-drug-discovery-world/p142768-free-subscription.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'SUBSCRIBE'
                                                             },
                                                '9999994' => {
                                                               'menu_type' => 1,
                                                               'menu_order' => 2,
                                                               'menu_url' => 'http://www.ddw-online.com/pdf--archive-2016/p316257-winter-16-/-17.html',
                                                               'menu_title' => 'Winter 2016 - 17 PDF Archive'
                                                             }
                                              }
                                 },
                      'home_settings' => {
                                           'hs_excerpt_status' => '1',
                                           'hs_titles_status' => '1',
                                           'hs_thumb_h' => undef,
                                           'hs_sitegroup' => undef,
                                           'hs_homestyles' => '#HOME_Header {
	color: #FFF;
	background-color: #cc0a08;
	width: 800px;
	padding: 0px;
	font-weight: bold;
}

#HOME_Header #Home_Header_Title {
	padding: 6px;
	width: auto;
        font-size:14px;
}

#eg-pathway {
display:none;
}

#home_page_BoxGraphic {
	background-color: #eeeeee;
	width: 794px;
        border: 1px solid #999;
}

.Home_article_link_Wrapper {
	height: auto;
	width: 144px;
}

.Home_box_graphic {
	height: 116px;
	width: 144px;
}

.home_box_link {
	font-size: 11px;
	color: #FFF;
	background-image: url(/library/sid32/ddw_home_graphic_linkbg.gif);
	background-repeat: no-repeat;
	height: 22px;
	width: 144px;
	line-height: 22px;
	text-align: center;
}

.home_box_link a:link, .home_box_link a:active, .home_box_link a:visited {
	color: #FFF;
text-decoration: none;
}

.home_box_link a:hover{
	color: #FFF;
text-decoration: underline;
}

#Header2Home {
        color: #FFF;
font-size: 16px;
	background-color: #cc0a08;
	width: 470px;
	padding-top: 6px;
        padding-bottom: 6px;
        padding-left:10px;
	font-weight: bold;
}

#Header3Home {
        color: #FFF;
font-size: 16px;
	background-color: #cc0a08;
	width: 290px;
	padding-top: 6px;
        padding-bottom: 6px;
        padding-left:10px;
	font-weight: bold;
}

.videoPanelCellBG {
	background-image: url(/library/sid32/video_panel_04.jpg);
	background-repeat: no-repeat;
	height: 122px;
	width: 128px;
	font-size: 11px;
	color: #FFF;
	text-align: center;
}

#new2ColVidPanel {
	background-image: url(/library/sid32/new-800px-vid-panel.png);
	background-repeat: no-repeat;
	height: 217px;
	width: 799px;
}

#new2ColVidPanel #VidPanelTitle {
	text-align: center;
	font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
	font-size: 16px;
	font-weight: bold;
	color: #C00;
	padding-top: 10px;
	padding-bottom: 7px;
}

#new2ColVidPanel #NewInnerPanelVideo1 {
	float: left;
	width: 375px;
	margin-top: 12px;
	margin-left: 19px;
	font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
	color: #333;
	font-weight: bold;
	font-size: 13px;
}',
                                           'hs_site_id' => '32',
                                           'hs_subhead_status' => undef,
                                           'hs_thumb_w' => undef,
                                           'hs_keywords' => undef,
                                           'hs_layout' => '7',
                                           'hs_readmore_status' => '1',
                                           'hs_description' => undef,
                                           'hs_title' => undef,
                                           'id' => '32',
                                           'hs_readmore_txt' => undef
                                         },
                      'merchant_password' => 'trafika',
                      'seo_key' => 'Drug Discovery, Drug Discovery World, DDW, Business, Chemistry, Enabling Technologies, Informatics, Personalised Medicine, Screening, Therapeutics, Pharmaceutical, Pharma, Biotech, Academia, News, Articles, Biopharmaceuticals',
                      'totalweight' => '0',
                      'hs_sitegroup' => undef,
                      'flags' => {
                                   'skinclick' => 'https://ad.doubleclick.net/ddm/clk/298709957;123312588;y',
                                   'skinOFF' => '/library/sid32/watr-glycospeed_jet-1488x1200-wallpaper.jpg'
                                 },
                      'account' => '23',
                      'cart_promo_code' => '2',
                      'regform' => undef,
                      'package' => '2',
                      'seo_title' => 'Drug Discovery World (DDW), the Quarterly Business Review of Drug Discovery & Development',
                      'rss_button_type' => undef,
                      'breadcrumb' => undef,
                      'sitelogo' => 'ddw_logo-2.gif',
                      'gg_uid' => 'UA-6880876-11'
                    },
          'results_data' => {
                              'keyword' => 'Drug development',
                              'n' => '25',
                              'to' => 18,
                              'total' => 18
                            },
          'slots' => {
                       '3' => {
                                'slot_content' => '<!--/*
  *
  * Aqua Platform Ad Management Asynchronous JS Tag
  * - Generated with Revive Adserver v3.2.3
  *
  */-->

<ins data-revive-zoneid="627" data-revive-id="5d3cba222eaaeee40162c5d04d22e1b8"></ins>
<script async src="//flow.aquaplatform.com/asyncjs.php"></script>',
                                'id' => '3'
                              },
                       '9' => {
                                'slot_content' => '<p> </p>
<div class="grpelem shared_content" id="u57257" data-content-guid="u57257_content" style="">

<!--left-->
<ins data-revive-zoneid="628" data-revive-id="5d3cba222eaaeee40162c5d04d22e1b8"></ins>
<script async src="//flow.aquaplatform.com/asyncjs.php"></script>
<ins data-revive-zoneid="848" data-revive-id="5d3cba222eaaeee40162c5d04d22e1b8"></ins>
<script async src="//flow.aquaplatform.com/asyncjs.php"></script>
</div>

<!--right-->
<div class="clearfix grpelem shared_content" data-content-guid="u3780_content" id="u3780"><!-- group -->
       <div class="gradient clearfix grpelem" id="u3713"><!-- column -->

        <div class="MENU-LINKS clearfix colelem shared_content" id="u3719-7" data-muse-uid="U3719" data-muse-type="txt_frame" data-ibe-flags="txtStyleSrc" data-content-guid="u3719-7_content"><!-- content -->
         <p id="u3719-2">THE QUARTERLY REVIEW OF DRUG DISCOVERY AND DEVELOPMENT.</p>
         <p id="u3719-3"></p>
         <p id="u3719-5">FREE SUBSCRIPTION!</p>
        </div><a class="nonblock nontext Button rounded-corners clearfix colelem shared_content" id="buttonu3725" href="link.html" data-href="page:U1363" data-muse-uid="U3725" data-content-guid="buttonu3725_content"><!-- container box --><!-- m_editable region-id="editable-static-tag-U3726-BP_infinity" template="index.html" data-type="html" data-ice-options="disableImageResize,link" --><div class="clearfix grpelem" id="u3726-4" data-muse-uid="U3726" data-muse-type="txt_frame"><!-- content --><p>SIGN UP HERE > ></p></div><!-- /m_editable --></a>
        <!-- /m_editable -->
       </div>
<div class="clip_frame grpelem" data-muse-uid="U3764" data-muse-type="img_frame" data-mu-ie-matrix="progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.Matrix(M11=0.9925,M12=0.1219,M21=-0.1219,M22=0.9925,SizingMethod=\'auto expand\')" data-mu-ie-matrix-dx="-11" data-mu-ie-matrix-dy="-7" id="u3764"><!-- image -->
        <img class="block" data-hidpi-src="http://ddwtemp.businesscatalyst.com/images/ddw%20cover_2x.jpg" alt="" data-muse-src="http://ddwtemp.businesscatalyst.com/images/ddw%20cover.jpg?crc=4171834269" src="http://ddwtemp.businesscatalyst.com/images/ddw%20cover_2x.jpg" data-src="http://ddwtemp.businesscatalyst.com/images/ddw%20cover.jpg" id="u3764_img" width="135" height="191">
       </div>
</div>',
                                'id' => '9'
                              },
                       '15' => {
                                 'slot_content' => '<div id="mpu-left">
<!--/*
  *
  * Aqua Platform Ad Management Asynchronous JS Tag
  * - Generated with Revive Adserver v3.2.3
  *
  */-->

<ins data-revive-zoneid="628" data-revive-id="5d3cba222eaaeee40162c5d04d22e1b8"></ins>
<script async src="//flow.aquaplatform.com/asyncjs.php"></script>
</div>

<div id="mpu-right">
<!--/*
  *
  * Aqua Platform Ad Management Asynchronous JS Tag
  * - Generated with Revive Adserver v4.0.0
  *
  */-->

<ins data-revive-zoneid="848" data-revive-id="5d3cba222eaaeee40162c5d04d22e1b8"></ins>
<script async src="//flow.aquaplatform.com/asyncjs.php"></script>
</div>',
                                 'id' => '15'
                               },
                       '8' => {
                                'slot_content' => '<div style="padding:0 50px;color:#FFF;">Now in its 18th year, DDW is the only truly global business review of all aspects of drug discovery and development and has firmly established itself as a highly respected and a must read journal within the discovery and development arena.</div>',
                                'id' => '8'
                              },
                       '4' => {
                                'slot_content' => '<!--/*
  *
  * Aqua Platform Ad Management Asynchronous JS Tag
  * - Generated with Revive Adserver v3.2.3
  *
  */-->

<ins data-revive-zoneid="625" data-revive-id="5d3cba222eaaeee40162c5d04d22e1b8"></ins>
<script async src="//flow.aquaplatform.com/asyncjs.php"></script>


<!--/*
  *
  * Aqua Platform Ad Management Asynchronous JS Tag
  * - Generated with Revive Adserver v3.2.3
  *
  */-->

<ins data-revive-zoneid="626" data-revive-id="5d3cba222eaaeee40162c5d04d22e1b8"></ins>
<script async src="//flow.aquaplatform.com/asyncjs.php"></script>



<!--/*
  *
  * Aqua Platform Ad Management Asynchronous JS Tag
  * - Generated with Revive Adserver v3.2.3
  *
  */-->

<ins data-revive-zoneid="812" data-revive-id="5d3cba222eaaeee40162c5d04d22e1b8"></ins>
<script async src="//flow.aquaplatform.com/asyncjs.php"></script>',
                                'id' => '4'
                              },
                       '1' => {
                                'slot_content' => '<script type="text/javascript">
var pa_small = \'/library/sid32/watr_proteinspeptides_100x100.jpg\'; 
var pa_large = \'/library/sid32/watr_proteinspeptides_500x500.jpg\'; 
var pa_link = \'https://ad.doubleclick.net/ddm/clk/298448542;115418469;u\'
</script>

<script src="/modules/pageear/AC_OETags.js" type="text/javascript"></script>   
<script src="/modules/pageear/dynamic_pageear.js"  type="text/javascript"></script>
<meta name="google-site-verification" content="ZxJeeJqUSNXGjZtGhMioOeSuE9jZC-lNUB6FWDSghUE" />

<script language="JavaScript">
var match;
match = level_article_id;
if(match == \'102802\' || match == \'102804\' || match == \'142730\' || match == \'146717\' || match == \'102803\' || match == \'102804\' || match == \'102805\' || match == \'102801\' || match == \'102806\' || match == \'102809\') {
document.write("<style>");
document.write("div#rightcolumnfloat { display:none !important; } ");
document.write (".level-article .sectiontableheader { margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-top: 10px;} ");
document.write("#eg-mainbody { background-color: #231f20 !important; background-image: none !important; background-repeat: no-repeat !important;}");
document.write("#eg-content  { background-color: #272526 !important; }");
document.write("#contentframe {padding-top: 3px !important; background-color: #272526; height: auto; width: 765px; font-family: Verdana, Geneva, sans-serif; font-size: 12px; color: #FFF;}");
document.write(".article-content { width: 740px; margin-top: 4px; margin-right: auto; margin-bottom: 4px; margin-left: 18px; clear: both; height: auto; font-size: 12px; color: #FFF;}");
document.write(".sectiontableheader { float:right; width:95%; margin-right: 4px; font-size: 16px;font-weight: normal;color: #bf151c;padding-top: 2px;text-transform: uppercase;padding-bottom: 6px; padding-right:8px;border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-style: dotted; border-bottom-color: #FFF; display: block;}");
document.write(".WhiteText {color: #FFF; font-size: 12px;}");
document.write(".sectiontableheader a:link  {padding-left:0px;}");
document.write("h2.contentheading, .contentheading { display:none !important; color: #bf151c !important; } ");
document.write("h2.contentheading, .contentheading a:link { font-size: 16px; font-weight: normal; color: #bf151c; padding-top: 2px; text-transform: uppercase; padding-bottom: 6px; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-style: dotted; border-bottom-color: #FFF; display: block;}");
document.write(".contentheading {font-size: 16px;font-weight: normal;color: #bf151c;padding-top: 2px;text-transform: uppercase;padding-bottom: 6px;border-bottom-width: 1px;border-bottom-style: dotted;border-bottom-color: #FFF;display: block;}");
document.write("div#rightcolumnfloat {display: block;float: right;margin-bottom: 10px;margin-left: 8px;width: 300px;margin-top: 6px;background-color: #231f20;background-image: none;}");
document.write("#relateditems {float: right;width: 292px;}");
document.write("a {color: #BF151C;text-decoration: none;}");
document.write("a:hover, a:active, a:focus {color: #FFF;text-decoration: underline;}");
document.write("div#boxhead {background: none repeat scroll 0 0 #bf151c;color: #F7F7F7;float: right;font-weight: normal;padding: 3px;width: 292px;height: 20px;margin-top: 0;margin-right: 0;margin-bottom: 3px;margin-left: 10px;font-size: 12px;line-height: 20px;}");
document.write("div#cartbox, div#artbox, div#boxlist {border: 1px dashed #666666;clear: both;display: block;float: right;margin: 0 0 10px 10px;padding: 5px;width: 288px;background-color: #231F20;font-size: 10px;color: #231F20;}");
document.write("div#boxlist a:link, div#boxlist a:active, div#boxlist a:visited {color: #FFF;}");
document.write("div#boxrow {background: url(\'/images/defaulta/arrow-readon-1.png\') no-repeat scroll left 4px transparent;clear: both;padding-left: 14px;padding-top: 4px;padding-bottom: 4px;}");
document.write(".SubHeading {font-weight: bold;color: #BF151C;}");
document.write("</style>");
}
</script>

',
                                'id' => '1'
                              },
                       '10' => {
                                 'slot_content' => '

<!--/*
  *
  * MPU top 1 - Aqua Platform Ad Management Asynchronous JS Tag
  * - Generated with Revive Adserver v4.0.2
  *
  */-->

<ins data-revive-zoneid="2085" data-revive-id="5d3cba222eaaeee40162c5d04d22e1b8"></ins>
<script async src="//flow.aquaplatform.com/asyncjs.php"></script>




<!--/*
  *
  * MPU top 2 - Aqua Platform Ad Management Asynchronous JS Tag
  * - Generated with Revive Adserver v4.0.2
  *
  */-->

<ins data-revive-zoneid="2086" data-revive-id="5d3cba222eaaeee40162c5d04d22e1b8"></ins>
<script async src="//flow.aquaplatform.com/asyncjs.php"></script>',
                                 'id' => '10'
                               },
                       '16' => {
                                 'slot_content' => '<!--/*
  *
  * Aqua Platform Ad Management Asynchronous JS Tag
  * - Generated with Revive Adserver v3.2.3
  *
  */-->

<ins data-revive-zoneid="629" data-revive-id="5d3cba222eaaeee40162c5d04d22e1b8"></ins>
<script async src="//flow.aquaplatform.com/asyncjs.php"></script>',
                                 'id' => '16'
                               },
                       '13' => {
                                 'slot_content' => '<script type="text/javascript">

  var _gaq = _gaq || [];
  _gaq.push([\'_setAccount\', \'UA-18929303-2\']);
  _gaq.push([\'_trackPageview\']);

  (function() {
    var ga = document.createElement(\'script\'); ga.type = \'text/javascript\'; ga.async = true;
    ga.src = (\'https:\' == document.location.protocol ? \'https://ssl\' : \'http://www\') + \'.google-analytics.com/ga.js\';
    var s = document.getElementsByTagName(\'script\')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s);
  })();

</script>',
                                 'id' => '13'
                               },
                       '5' => {
                                'slot_content' => '<!--/*
  *
  * Aqua Platform Ad Management Asynchronous JS Tag
  * - Generated with Revive Adserver v4.0.2
  *
  */-->

<ins data-revive-zoneid="1828" data-revive-id="5d3cba222eaaeee40162c5d04d22e1b8"></ins>
<script async src="//flow.aquaplatform.com/asyncjs.php"></script>',
                                'id' => '5'
                              }
                     },
          'results' => {
                         '10015' => {
                                      'article_title' => 'Biomarkers make their mark on current research and drug development trends. ',
                                      'article_media' => 'biomarkers-make-their-mark-on-current-research-and-drug-development-trends.jpg',
                                      'article_section_id' => '358',
                                      'article_subhead1' => 'By Stephane Parent and Dr Gregory Cosentino',
                                      'path' => '/personalised-medicine/p145613-biomarkers-make-their-mark-on-current-research-and-drug-development-trends.html',
                                      'article_excerpt' => 'Biomarkers continue to become increasingly relevant in research and healthcare applications, as evidenced by the global market for products involved in their identification, validation, and use  estimated at $8.3 billion in 2007 and projected to increase to $15 billion in 2010. The accelerating pace of activity in this area is further underlined by a cursory review of the publication space, where the number of relevant scientific articles generated annually has doubled from 20,000 to 40,000 over the past decade (Figure 1).',
                                      'article_section_title' => 'Personalised Medicine',
                                      'article_status' => '1',
                                      'spath' => '/personalised-medicine/',
                                      'article_subhead2' => 'Summer 2010',
                                      'article_inserted' => '2011-06-19 14:23:04',
                                      'section_status' => '1',
                                      'id' => '145613'
                                    },
                         '10007' => {
                                      'article_title' => 'Modelling and simulation in drug development, promise and reality',
                                      'article_section_id' => '589',
                                      'article_subhead1' => 'By Dr Mark Sale',
                                      'path' => '/spring-2001/p148579-modelling-and-simulation-in-drug-developmentpromise-and-reality.html',
                                      'article_excerpt' => 'Modelling and simulation in drug development is not new. What is new is the vision for moving from a descriptive role (what happened) to a predictive and therefore decision making role. While seemingly attractive, important hurdles, both scientific and practical, must be overcome.',
                                      'article_section_title' => 'Spring 2001',
                                      'article_status' => '1',
                                      'spath' => '/spring-2001/',
                                      'article_subhead2' => 'Spring 2001',
                                      'article_inserted' => '2011-10-25 15:13:37',
                                      'section_status' => '1',
                                      'id' => '148579'
                                    },
                         '10004' => {
                                      'article_title' => 'Innovate while derisking drug development: yes we can!   Summer 12',
                                      'article_media' => 'innovate-while-derisking-drug-development-yes-we-can.jpg',
                                      'article_section_id' => '346',
                                      'article_subhead1' => 'Taher Abbasi, Pradeep Fernandes, Dr Shireen Vali and Professor Gurkirpal Singh',
                                      'path' => '/business/p149556-innovate-while-derisking-drug-development:-yes-we-can!-summer-12.html',
                                      'article_excerpt' => 'The outlook for the drug industry continues to remain bleak in context of productivity and success rates. In spite of ongoing increase in R&D expenses and technology revolutions in the genomics and proteomics area, nearly 95% of drug programmes which enter clinical development fail. This would be expected as serendipity and surprise plays a big role in almost all of the drug successes. What is the probability of the same individual winning the lottery more than once in his/her lifetime?',
                                      'article_section_title' => 'Business',
                                      'article_status' => '1',
                                      'spath' => '/business/',
                                      'article_subhead2' => 'Summer 2012',
                                      'article_inserted' => '2012-07-24 13:30:18',
                                      'section_status' => '1',
                                      'id' => '149556'
                                    },
                         '10012' => {
                                      'article_title' => 'Radiosynthesis;  a vital role supporting drug development?',
                                      'article_media' => 'radiosynthesis---a-vital-role-supporting-drug-development.jpg',
                                      'article_section_id' => '355',
                                      'article_subhead1' => 'By Dave Roberts and Professor Bill Lockley',
                                      'path' => '/chemistry/p148368-radiosynthesis;a-vital-role-supporting-drug-development.html',
                                      'article_excerpt' => 'The key in vivo drug metabolism and pharmacokinetic studies continue to be undertaken using radiolabelled versions of drug molecules. Traditionally, the preparation of these isotopically labelled compounds was largely the domain of specialist internal radiochemistry groups within large pharmaceutical companies (Big Pharma). ',
                                      'article_section_title' => 'Chemistry',
                                      'article_status' => '1',
                                      'spath' => '/chemistry/',
                                      'article_subhead2' => 'Fall 2004',
                                      'article_inserted' => '2011-08-27 14:55:38',
                                      'section_status' => '1',
                                      'id' => '148368'
                                    },
                         '10001' => {
                                      'article_title' => 'Breath based biomarker detection - informing drug development and future treatment regimes',
                                      'article_media' => 'breath-based-biomarker-detection-2.jpg',
                                      'article_section_id' => '358',
                                      'article_subhead1' => 'By Billy Boyle and Dr Mike Murphy',
                                      'path' => '/personalised-medicine/p315868-breath-based-biomarker-detection-informing-drug-development-and-future-treatment-regimes.html',
                                      'article_excerpt' => 'The recent approval of the first liquid biopsy test for the diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) demonstrates how biomarker-based detection tools are becoming important components of precision medicine-based drug treatment regimes.',
                                      'article_section_title' => 'Personalised Medicine',
                                      'article_status' => '1',
                                      'spath' => '/personalised-medicine/',
                                      'article_subhead2' => 'Fall 16',
                                      'article_inserted' => '2016-10-25 09:02:53',
                                      'section_status' => '1',
                                      'id' => '315868'
                                    },
                         '10013' => {
                                      'article_title' => 'GENE EXPRESSION as a toxicological screening tool:  The use of microarray data in drug development and requirements for FDA audit and approval.  Winter 04',
                                      'article_media' => 'gene-expression-as-a-toxicological-screening-tool.jpg',
                                      'article_section_id' => '356',
                                      'article_subhead1' => 'By Dr Bruce Seligmann',
                                      'path' => '/enabling-technologies/p148355-gene-expression-as-a-toxicological-screening-tool:the-use-of-microarray-data-in-drug-development-and-requirements-for-fda-audit-and-approval-winter-04.html',
                                      'article_excerpt' => "Toxicological safety testing of compounds has not yet advanced to the point where measurement of gene expression is being incorporated in the internal decision process of most companies, much less the FDA approval process. The FDA has asked for voluntary submissions, is preparing guidelines for gene expression data and has identified surrogate biomarker assays as the avenue to escape the dilemma highlighted in the FDA white paper \x{ef}\x{bf}\x{bd}Innovation or Stagnation: Challenge and Opportunity on the Critical Path to New Medical Products",
                                      'article_section_title' => 'Enabling Technologies',
                                      'article_status' => '1',
                                      'spath' => '/enabling-technologies/',
                                      'article_subhead2' => 'Winter 2004',
                                      'article_inserted' => '2011-08-27 10:16:09',
                                      'section_status' => '1',
                                      'id' => '148355'
                                    },
                         '10011' => {
                                      'article_title' => 'Business strategy for implementation of biomarkers in drug development',
                                      'article_section_id' => '576',
                                      'article_subhead1' => 'By Miles Flamenbaum',
                                      'path' => '/spring-2002/p148439-business-strategy-for-implementation-of-biomarkers-in-drug-development.html',
                                      'article_excerpt' => 'With pharmacoproteomic biomarkers being the subject of focus among regulatory agencies as well as research institutions, many pharmaceutical companies are increasing their interest and investment in biomarker strategies. This article discusses the potential for new efficiencies and cost savings that can be achieved from the utilisation of biomarkers at different stages along the drug development pathway.',
                                      'article_section_title' => 'Spring 2002',
                                      'article_status' => '1',
                                      'spath' => '/spring-2002/',
                                      'article_subhead2' => 'Spring 2002',
                                      'article_inserted' => '2011-09-12 16:58:58',
                                      'section_status' => '1',
                                      'id' => '148439'
                                    },
                         '10014' => {
                                      'article_title' => 'Cryo electron microscopy and electron tomography will play a crucial role in the future of drug development. Spring 05',
                                      'article_media' => 'cryo-electron-microscopy-and-electron-tomography-will-play-a-crucial-role-in-the-future-of-drug-development.-enabling-technology.jpg',
                                      'article_section_id' => '356',
                                      'article_subhead1' => 'By Dr Jack Elands and Dr Ulf Skoglund',
                                      'path' => '/enabling-technologies/p148348-cryo-electron-microscopy-and-electron-tomography-will-play-a-crucial-role-in-the-future-of-drug-developmentspring-05.html',
                                      'article_excerpt' => 'The completion of the human genome project has focused tremendous interest in determining the structure and function of the tens of thousands of proteins that the genome encodes. Current structural determination techniques are difficult, time-consuming and not generally applicable to all proteins. ',
                                      'article_section_title' => 'Enabling Technologies',
                                      'article_status' => '1',
                                      'spath' => '/enabling-technologies/',
                                      'article_subhead2' => 'Spring 2005',
                                      'article_inserted' => '2011-08-26 17:36:36',
                                      'section_status' => '1',
                                      'id' => '148348'
                                    },
                         '10002' => {
                                      'article_title' => 'Seeing within: Magnetic Resonance Imaging in drug development.',
                                      'article_media' => 'magnetic-resonance-imaging.jpg',
                                      'article_section_id' => '356',
                                      'article_subhead1' => 'By Dr Geoff J.M. Parker',
                                      'path' => '/enabling-technologies/p305520-seeing-within:-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-drug-development.html',
                                      'article_excerpt' => 'Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) can be used to provide quantitative measurements in the form of imaging biomarkers. These measurements have a number of attractive characteristics: They are non-invasive, can provide organ and lesion localisation of morphology, physiology and metabolism and can be repeated over time. ',
                                      'article_section_title' => 'Enabling Technologies',
                                      'article_status' => '1',
                                      'spath' => '/enabling-technologies/',
                                      'article_subhead2' => 'Winter 2015/16',
                                      'article_inserted' => '2016-02-06 15:14:42',
                                      'section_status' => '1',
                                      'id' => '305520'
                                    },
                         '10008' => {
                                      'article_title' => 'New visions in ophthalmic drug development.  Winter 2002',
                                      'article_section_id' => '360',
                                      'article_subhead1' => 'By Dr Benjamin R. Yerxa, Dr Ward M. Peterson and Robin S.Whitsell',
                                      'path' => '/therapeutics/p148509-new-visions-in-ophthalmic-drug-development-winter-2002.html',
                                      'article_excerpt' => 'Over the last 10 years we have seen the introduction of several new \'ophthalmology only\' pharmaceutical products emerge such as Trusopt (dorzolamide, Merck) and Xalatan (latanoprost, Pharmacia). Innovative products such as these have driven much of the ophthalmic pharmaceutical growth, outpacing the older products that were often developed for ophthalmology via other therapeutic areas.With the ophthalmic pharmaceutical sector currently at around $5 billion worldwide, the continued growth is likely to be driven by even more first-in-class entries in ophthalmology.Two areas that are especially poised for explosive growth are dry eye and retinal disease, in which many new therapeutic approaches are currently in development.',
                                      'article_section_title' => 'Therapeutics',
                                      'article_status' => '1',
                                      'spath' => '/therapeutics/',
                                      'article_subhead2' => 'Winter 2002',
                                      'article_inserted' => '2011-10-02 16:11:08',
                                      'section_status' => '1',
                                      'id' => '148509'
                                    },
                         '10016' => {
                                      'article_title' => 'Enterprise ELNs as a foundation for preclinical drug development.',
                                      'article_media' => 'electronic-laboratory-notebooks.jpg',
                                      'article_section_id' => '357',
                                      'article_subhead1' => 'By Simon Beaulah, Dr Paul Denny- Gouldson and Dr Scott Weiss',
                                      'path' => '/informatics/p142807-enterprise-elns-as-a-foundation-for-preclinical-drug-development.html',
                                      'article_excerpt' => 'To have real business impact within preclinical drug development, Enterprise ELNs (Electronic Laboratory Notebooks) must provide a secure, scalable and searchable data management backbone across all disciplines focused on development of both small and large molecules, in compliant and non-compliant environments. ',
                                      'article_section_title' => 'Informatics',
                                      'article_status' => '1',
                                      'spath' => '/informatics/',
                                      'article_subhead2' => 'Summer 2010',
                                      'article_inserted' => '2011-06-15 16:55:28',
                                      'section_status' => '1',
                                      'id' => '142807'
                                    },
                         '10003' => {
                                      'article_title' => 'Resetting the course of drug development: stem cell banking in support of drug discovery.  Winter 13',
                                      'article_media' => 'resetting-the-course-of-drug-development.jpg',
                                      'article_section_id' => '360',
                                      'article_subhead1' => 'By Dr Thomas J Novak, Dr Uta Grieshammer, Dr Michael Yaffe and Dr Steve Madore',
                                      'path' => '/therapeutics/p217263-resetting-the-course-of-drug-development:-stem-cell-banking-in-support-of-drug-discovery-winter-13.html',
                                      'article_excerpt' => 'The discovery by Yamanaka and Thomson in 2007 that human somatic cells can be reprogrammed to a pluripotent state (ie, induced pluripotent stem cells, iPSCs) has revolutionised cell biology.',
                                      'article_section_title' => 'Therapeutics',
                                      'article_status' => '1',
                                      'spath' => '/therapeutics/',
                                      'article_subhead2' => 'Winter 2013',
                                      'article_inserted' => '2014-02-17 18:28:54',
                                      'section_status' => '1',
                                      'id' => '217263'
                                    },
                         '10000' => {
                                      'article_title' => 'Breath based biomarker detection - informing drug development & future treatment regimes',
                                      'article_media' => 'breath-based-biomarker-detection-2.jpg',
                                      'article_section_id' => '5513',
                                      'path' => '/fall-2016/p315877-breath-based-biomarker-detection-informing-drug-development-&-future-treatment-regimes.html',
                                      'article_excerpt' => 'The approval of liquid biopsy test for the diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) demonstrates how biomarker-based detection tools are becoming important components of precision medicine-based drug treatment regimes.',
                                      'article_section_title' => 'Fall 2016',
                                      'article_status' => '1',
                                      'spath' => '/fall-2016/',
                                      'article_subhead2' => 'By Billy Boyle and Dr Mike Murphy',
                                      'article_inserted' => '2016-10-25 14:03:01',
                                      'section_status' => '1',
                                      'id' => '315877'
                                    },
                         '10010' => {
                                      'article_title' => 'Drug development for skin diseases based on functional genomics',
                                      'article_section_id' => '577',
                                      'article_subhead1' => "By Dr J\x{f6}rn-Peter Halle",
                                      'path' => '/summer-2002/p148447-drug-development-for-skin-diseases-based-on-functional-genomics.html',
                                      'article_excerpt' => "With the high number of sufferers from skin disease around the world, it is astonishing that there are relatively few treatments available and that many of these only serve to relieve symptoms. Can drug development based on a functional genomics approach be the answer in bringing new products to this \x{91}Cinderella\x{92} market?",
                                      'article_section_title' => 'Summer 2002',
                                      'article_status' => '1',
                                      'spath' => '/summer-2002/',
                                      'article_subhead2' => 'Summer 2002',
                                      'article_inserted' => '2011-09-12 19:03:48',
                                      'section_status' => '1',
                                      'id' => '148447'
                                    },
                         '10017' => {
                                      'article_title' => 'The role of Thorough QT testing in managing drug development.',
                                      'article_media' => 'assessment-of-qt-prolongation.jpg',
                                      'article_section_id' => '345',
                                      'article_subhead1' => 'By Dr William S. Wheeler',
                                      'path' => '/drug-discovery/p92816-the-role-of-thorough-qt-testing-in-managing-drug-development.html',
                                      'article_excerpt' => 'With few exceptions, all compounds being submitted to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for approval in the United States will require an assessment of QT prolongation, either by a standard Thorough QT/QTc study, or a similar study modified to fit the safety profile of the compound and indicated patient population. ',
                                      'article_section_title' => 'Drug Discovery',
                                      'article_status' => '1',
                                      'spath' => '/drug-discovery/',
                                      'article_subhead2' => 'Winter 2007',
                                      'article_inserted' => '2010-12-23 15:45:34',
                                      'section_status' => '1',
                                      'id' => '92816'
                                    },
                         '10006' => {
                                      'article_title' => 'DRUG DELIVERY adding value to drug development and commercialisation',
                                      'article_section_id' => '592',
                                      'article_subhead1' => "By Dr Cornelis \x{91}Cees\x{92} Winnips",
                                      'path' => '/winter-2000/p148604-drug-delivery-adding-value-to-drug-development-and-commercialisation.html',
                                      'article_excerpt' => 'The importance of drug delivery as a tool to improve R&D productivity, to provide a pathway for valuable drugs to be successfully commercialised and as an expanding resource to the pharmaceutical and biotech industry, has come a long way since the early work of the University of Kansas. This article explores the advances made in drug delivery technology.',
                                      'article_section_title' => 'Winter 2000',
                                      'article_status' => '1',
                                      'spath' => '/winter-2000/',
                                      'article_subhead2' => 'Winter 2000',
                                      'article_inserted' => '2011-10-27 13:50:45',
                                      'section_status' => '1',
                                      'id' => '148604'
                                    },
                         '10009' => {
                                      'article_title' => 'SNP genotyping in drug development',
                                      'article_section_id' => '577',
                                      'article_subhead1' => 'By Dr Nicholas C. Dracopoli and Dr Kim E. Zerba',
                                      'path' => '/summer-2002/p148452-snp-genotyping-in-drug-development.html',
                                      'article_excerpt' => "SNP-based candidate gene analyses are likely to have a significant impact on predicting drug efficacy and will, undoubtedly, impact on the pharmaceutical industry\x{92}s development strategies as a whole over the next few years.",
                                      'article_section_title' => 'Summer 2002',
                                      'article_status' => '1',
                                      'spath' => '/summer-2002/',
                                      'article_subhead2' => 'Summer 2002',
                                      'article_inserted' => '2011-09-12 20:13:14',
                                      'section_status' => '1',
                                      'id' => '148452'
                                    },
                         '10005' => {
                                      'article_title' => 'In vivo imaging in drug development GAMMA SCINTIGRAPHY.  Summer 12',
                                      'article_media' => 'in-vivo-imaging-in-drug-development-gamma-scintigraphy.gif',
                                      'article_section_id' => '356',
                                      'article_subhead1' => 'By Dr Alyson Connor',
                                      'path' => '/enabling-technologies/p149555-in-vivo-imaging-in-drug-development-gamma-scintigraphy-summer-12.html',
                                      'article_excerpt' => 'Gamma scintigraphy is a non-invasive technique with applications in the development of drug products and the assessment of pharmacodynamic effects in humans. It enables the assessment of critical performance parameters that in vitro techniques attempt, but often fail, to predict. Quantification of pharmacodynamic effects (eg gastrointestinal transit; gall bladder emptying; lung mucociliary clearance) provides insights into the mode of action of drug candidates.',
                                      'article_section_title' => 'Enabling Technologies',
                                      'article_status' => '1',
                                      'spath' => '/enabling-technologies/',
                                      'article_subhead2' => 'Summer 2012',
                                      'article_inserted' => '2012-07-24 13:28:30',
                                      'section_status' => '1',
                                      'id' => '149555'
                                    }
                       },
          'settings' => {
                          'leader2' => '',
                          'leader1' => 'home',
                          'menu3' => '1',
                          'spotlight' => '',
                          'gs_module_types' => {
                                                 'Advert Slot' => '6',
                                                 'Sections x 8' => '34',
                                                 'Custom' => '5',
                                                 '1 Col Section - row' => '2'
                                               },
                          'login' => 0,
                          'loginside' => '1',
                          'layout' => '7',
                          'inner' => 'search',
                          'menu2' => '1',
                          'breadcrumb' => '1',
                          'id' => '0',
                          'menu4' => '1',
                          'menu1' => '1'
                        }
        };
template datar:
$VAR1 = '';
template custom:
$VAR1 = '';
$VAR1 = '';
$VAR2 = bless( {
  '_DEFBLOCKS' => {},
  '_BLOCK' => sub { "DUMMY" },
  '_VARIABLES' => undef,
  'modtime' => '1501497934',
  'name' => 'index_shell.tpl',
  '_HOT' => 1
}, 'Template::Document' );
$VAR3 = 'responsive_n1';
$VAR4 = 'site-section';
$VAR5 = 'gs_articles';
$VAR6 = 'id';
$VAR7 = '';
$VAR8 = '';
user session:
$VAR1 = '';